广州夜生活论坛·人物·新视觉·水世界里的梦想

八月的阳光火辣辣,参加游泳比赛的少儿游泳小将们黝黑的肌肤在阳光的照射下格外得亮,他们幼小的身躯在水里劈波斩浪、奋力拼搏!游泳池比赛区内一片沸腾!呐喊声、哨声、运动员在水中奋力前行的声音交织在一起……来自北京、山东、湖南、湖北、广西及广东等17个省、自治区、直辖市的300多名运动员,齐聚广州,争夺“迎亚运”2007年全国少儿游泳分区赛的桂冠。

 在激烈的比赛中,游泳小将们劈波斩浪、奋力拼搏!

  “我希望通过这次比赛,积累自己的比赛经验,提高自己的游泳水平,以好的成绩和姿态迎接2010年的广州亚运会。”来自广州矿泉游泳场的参赛选手阮子峰小朋友充满信心地说。

在激烈的比赛中,游泳小将们劈波斩浪、奋力拼搏!

  阮子峰所在的广州矿泉游泳场体校现有运动员80多名,他们都是从市各区的学校选拔出来的苗子,大多是由6至12岁的年龄段的学生组成,他们都是利用放学时间进行训练的,教练根据年龄段和水平的差异每天安排3至5千米的游泳训练,着重在质和量两方面提高他们的游泳技能。成绩优异者就有机会参加全国、省、市的大型比赛。

每个游泳小将们都有梦想!他们为梦想不懈地努力着……苦
练的是孩子,牵挂的是母亲。

  “加油!加油!”在矿泉游泳场比赛区四周围满了观看的人,烈日并没有阻止他们观看比赛,他们用太阳伞、太阳帽甚至衣服来抵挡火辣辣的阳光,他们响亮的呐喊声响彻整个赛场。激烈的比赛结束后,男子1997年100米仰泳冠军湖南长沙队的何梦舟说:“我想通过比赛不断的提高自己,进入专业队!参加2010年广州亚运是我的梦想,我要为我的梦想努力! ”  

“我把他们当成自己的孩子了!”在平时的训练中,教练和
小运动员们之间产生了深厚的感情。

  组织者举办这次比赛,旨在推动更多的业余训练选手参与比赛。除各省市的业余体校代表队外,经体育主管部门批准的游泳俱乐部、游泳池馆、游泳学校或以企业命名的代表队都可参加。仅广州市就有矿泉、红楼、越秀、沙面、珠江等青少儿游泳会近150名业余运动员报名参加这次比赛。这比赛对选拔、培养2010年广州亚运的后备人才提供更大的空间。

每个游泳小将都有自己的梦想。

  策划:张伟清  文/图:王燕

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广州夜生活论坛·人物·新视觉·来世再爱

废墟前的点点烛火,如通往天堂的盏盏路灯,照亮那些曾经鲜活生动的面容,那些言笑晏晏的日子。

 

6月1日,都江堰新建小学,遇难学生的家长们举着孩子遗像进行追悼。

5月24日,都江堰聚源中学,陨落的美丽少女。

6月1日,都江堰新建小学,一朵白菊寄托无限哀思。

6月1日,都江堰新建小学,悲痛欲绝的母亲。

  逝者已去,生者尚在,生活的轨道依然向前。

  心碎的母亲啊,请为了不会停步的漫长岁月,请为了让远去的孩子安息,不要让悲伤成川。

  悲痛的父亲啊,请看到前方仍有光明,让时间慢慢抚平心灵的创伤,不要让泪流成河。

  请相信,我们一直和你在一起,和你一起承担生命里的梦想与痛苦,那些相聚与离别,那些拥有与失去。

  请相信,我们一直在你身后,和你一起守候岁月的温暖与寒冷,那些欢笑与泪水,那些欣慰与失望。

  我们,所有的中国人,都和你们在一起承担灾难带来的伤痛,我们的心中同样充满惋惜。

  请你相信,那些精灵般的孩子,他们并没有真的离去。有一天,他们会长成青青的小草,在清晨的阳光里随风起舞;有一天,他们会化成草叶上的露水,在暮色里向你颔首;有一天,他们会变成枝头啼叫的小鸟,在日出日落时和你温柔对话。

  让我们手拉手,共同祈愿孩子一路走好,让我们来世再爱他们。

6月1日,都江堰新建小学,一位母亲抱着孩子遗像欲哭无泪。

5月24日,都江堰聚源中学,废墟前,江倩的母亲把孩子的奖状铺满一地。

5月24日,都江堰聚源中学,一位父亲在废墟中翻拣,期望找到孩子生前用过的作业本。

6月1日,都江堰新建小学,一位遇难孩子的母亲捡起砖头砸向断送孩子生命的废墟。

 

  (文/曾玉梅)

  “5·12”汶川8级大地震中,顷刻间,无数父母与自己孩子阴阳两隔,人世间最大的痛楚,莫过于白发人送黑发人。

  记者 海国 摄影报道

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广州夜生活论坛·人物·新视觉·“蚁国”传奇

养猫、养狗、养鱼、养鸟、养仓鼠、养蜥蜴外,您还能养什么?喜欢宠物的你可否想过养群蚂蚁?扇形的塑料壳里面蔚蓝透明的凝胶,一群小蚂蚁快乐地工作生活着,还不忘“谈情说爱”!随着广州市养犬新条例的实施,一种名为“蚂蚁工房”的玩具开始风靡起来,养蚂蚁成为爱宠一族的新时尚。

一只蚂蚁,滚动着数倍于自己身体的物体。繁重的劳作贯穿着蚂蚁的一生。

据悉,所谓“蚂蚁工房”是一种新型蚂蚁饲养场,将一群小蚂蚁放在一种干净的海草提炼出的胶状物里,它含有供蚂蚁维持生命的糖分、水和营养物质,再用透明的盒子盖着,人们便可以从外界清楚地观察到蚂蚁们构筑的三维空间隧道的全过程。

蚂蚁极具团队精神,用时下的观点看,他们各个都是“好员工”。

一个微缩的“蚂蚁王国”就藏在小薇手中小小的玻璃容器里,有种芥子纳须弥的感觉。

  近日,记者在市民小薇的家中看到了有趣的一幕。屋子里只有一个电灯,一个小小的透明容器就放在光源边,小薇拿着放大镜不停地盯着容器里看,时而微笑时而皱眉,还会突然大声尖叫起来:“快看快看,你看这两只,像不像是在接吻?还有停在洞口边的这只,像个身材火辣的美眉!还有这只,我觉得像在打功夫耶!”

“蚁国”有佳人,绝世而独立,香肩若削成,纤腰如约素。

缠绵?繁衍生息?只有“相爱”的蚂蚁才知道。

  小薇是一家公司的普通白领,住在天河一家单身公寓里,她从小就喜欢养宠物,因为平时上班无法顾及,养宠物的想法只能一直搁浅。近日,北京的一位同学推荐她尝试下养养蚂蚁。“我是最近才开始养蚂蚁的,它们是日本的弓背蚁,平时不用喂食、不用洗澡、不长跳蚤,干净卫生也好打理,根本不用怎么照顾它们,只要注意把它们安放在相对潮湿阴暗的环境就行了。”蚂蚁搬进小薇家后,也成了小薇家的一分子,“出门前我会和它们打打招呼,下班后我就往家里跑,就想早点回来看看它们,你不知道,看着它们多有意思!现在不是金融危机嘛,工作压力也大,养宠物对我们上班族来说已不大可能,这些蚂蚁不但好养,每天下班回来观察蚂蚁在工房里面的辛勤劳动,它们的团队精神,还有它们的搞笑动作,心情很容易放松下来。”小薇称,她把养蚂蚁的消息告诉同事、同学之后,好多人跟她一样的年轻白领也开始养起了蚂蚁,有几个同事还专门买来相机帮它们拍照放到博客上去。说起日常与蚂蚁们的故事,小薇坦言开心居多,但却有一件事令她一直无法释怀,“有一次清理工房的时候,不小心把一只蚂蚁弄死,我当时当场就哭了,在过后的几天我也无法平静,甚至连做梦都梦到……之后我就更加小心地看好它们,夏天开空调怕它们冻着,还会偶尔带它们到阳台上晒晒太阳。”

一只死去的蚂蚁蜷缩在自己的窝中,仿佛胎盘中等待降生的胎儿。

天气热的时候,它们也偶尔当回“梁上君子”,爬到玻璃容器的边缘有水汽的地方纳凉。

  记者联系到广州天河一家卖蚂蚁工房的店主,据店主黄先生称:“我们的顾客多是公司白领,近期生意好了不少,买家大概多了将近三成左右,一些养大型宠物的市民们也慢慢喜欢上了这些小东西!养起来不仅不麻烦,而且还很时尚,可以放在家里,还可以放在办公桌上!”

  图/文 广州夜网论坛 黄澄锋 

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广州夜生活论坛·人物·新视觉·美丽的悲伤

广州夜网论坛黄澄锋 摄影报道

  

  看着满地青黄的麦苗,安徽省蚌埠市固镇县的农民祖大爷一脸悲伤。年过六旬的他干了一辈子农活从来没有遇到这样的情况。在田地旁用于灌溉的沟渠早已枯竭,而且还长满了杂草,地里唯一的一口水井也变得深不见底。

2009年2月6日,安徽省蚌埠市固镇县徐郢村,死去根部的麦苗。

  祖大爷随手拔起了一株小麦苗:“虽然表面看起来还有点绿色,但其实它的根部已经死亡了,再怎么浇水作用也不大了。”

2009年2月8日,安徽省淮北市徐楼村缺水的土地。

  淮北市濉溪县李楼村赵大爷地里的情况也好不到哪里去,在家门口不远的十几亩地里,他和村民种植了蔬菜和棉花,按照往年的情况,一亩地可以给他带来几千块的收入,“今年全部打水漂了,看着这些烂菜叶,叫人心里痛啊……”

2009年2月9日,安徽省淮北市李楼村菜农老赵。

  一朵因为枯裂而掉入草丛的棉絮,一分为四,仿佛一只轻盈的蝴蝶,将我们的目光带向了这些失水的生灵。

2009年2月9日,安徽省淮北市李楼村,一朵因为枯裂而掉入草丛的棉絮。

  这是一片因为干旱而枯萎的油菜叶子,它慢慢与根系脱离,北风轻吹,它被送到了一旁烧焦的草垛上,它的身躯在不停地收缩,叶脉仿佛青筋暴现,腐烂的小孔不知是大自然的风化还是某种生灵对它的落井下石?

  成群曾经体格健壮的大白菜静静地躺在田里,远处的天空渐渐变蓝,它的萎缩的叶子不断蜷缩,如长期被冲刷的而今突然断流的地表,如怪石嶙峋的喀斯特丛林。

2009年2月7日,安徽省淮北市李楼村,卷心菜。

  成片青黄相接的包菜如刺绣一样,将一种近乎残酷的美丽写在了干旱的土地上。外面一层枯死了,一层新绿在内心长出来,再枯再长,不断地与自然作坚强的抗争,它那像年轮一样的身躯似乎在论说着这样一个道理,生与死好与坏总在不停地轮回,而真正决定这一切的,是你自己。

  大白菜田与麦田相连,一片几近透明的白菜叶跨界躺在了麦田上,它的周围伸出许多发黄的触角,没有谁是一个独立的整体,国破则家亡,国兴则民盛,它们惺惺相惜的样子似乎明白了这一点。

  还有这样一株形状奇特的野菜,像极了一只在旱地里挣扎的八爪鱼,而它一旁的卷心菜,即使外部菜叶已经全部枯死,但菜心依然黄绿,仿佛年迈的老妪怀抱新生的婴儿,让我们看到了母爱,让我们看到了希望,看到了明天会更好。

  一叶而知秋。

  真的不必去看繁冗的数字,真的不必去听太多的悲情,土地上一株枯萎的菜苗、一片萎蔫的叶子就能告诉我们整个旱情,告诉我们这些靠天吃饭的农民的无奈,告诉我们生命顽强不息的哲理。

  后记:2009年初,我国华北地区和黄淮地区遭受几十年一遇的特大干旱,记者在第一时间奔赴安徽省重灾区采访报道,有感而发,拍下了这组反映灾情的图片。

广州夜网论坛黄澄锋 摄影报道

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广州夜生活论坛·人物·新视觉·汶川:羌人肖像

汶川:

  羌人肖像

  “世间一切,尽在脸上。”

  ——马库斯·图留斯·西塞罗(古罗马)

  从汶川县城到海拔两千多米的矛岭村,村民走山路只需要40分钟,开车却要一个多小时。路面有厚厚的积尘,这样的公路,一辆行驶的汽车便足以制造一场沙尘暴,根本看不清道路,只感觉汽车随时有跌落到几百米的峭壁间的危险。

  北风瑟瑟,寒彻骨髓,孓立村口。矛岭村只是汶川一个普通的羌寨,尘埃散去,村头几位小女孩在摆弄着一个新潮的手机,于是便有很流行的网络歌曲在山谷中回响。

  羌族是中国最古老的民族之一。早在三千年前,殷代甲骨文中就有关于羌人的记载。我们今天还知道,30万羌族人大多分布在龙门山断裂带上的地震断层沿线,是一个可能面临灭顶之灾威胁的民族。

  汶川大地震发生后的第6天,灾难与职业的缘由,命运将我在一个特殊的时刻送进这个特殊的地域。那时候,位于震中汶川县城山崩地裂,交通断绝,补给奇缺。我已经没有能力登上一座座高山,只能从地势局促,烟雾弥漫,飞沙走石的县城向四周的高山仰望,为看不见的一座座山寨与一个个山民祈祷。

  告别汶川,如同告别那境遇艰难的亲人,任凭其在痛苦中撕裂与挣扎;再见汶川,仿佛再见牵挂中一张张熟悉的面孔,尽管与之素未谋面。

  阳光爬上这间小木屋的小窗,60多岁的矛岭村民王开华已经穿好了特色鲜明的羌服,脸上已经爬满了皱纹,她的眼睛不停地望着窗外,显得有点局促。我要为王奶奶拍摄一张肖像,她在河南读书的孙子问我可不可以将照片寄给他,因为奶奶还从没拍过照片。

  快门一按便一发不可收拾,在有限的时间里我不停地记录,为我所遇见的羌民拍一张肖像。记录下一副容颜就如同了结一丝牵绊、种下一株善缘。

  “世间一切,尽在脸上。”古罗马哲人马库斯·图留斯·西塞罗如是说。

  从人类学角度说,肖像的谱系也是民族志,集体的灵象。每一张脸都是命运的蜡板,生命的年轮,反映着国运盛衰和社会起伏。

  半年多了,这些脸从惊恐到从容,从痛苦到恬静,从无助到信心,再重拾生活的欢乐与愉悦。

  或许,我们的心也可以因为他们的宁静而重获安然……

  图/文  广州夜网论坛  黄澄峰

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广州夜生活论坛·人物·新视觉·都市拍客

期盼  傍晚,人来人往的环市中路, 一位街头露宿者在某建筑工地外的广告牌旁小憩。
她的眼神中, 似乎在期盼着什么。是期盼家庭的温暖,还是路人的一枚硬币?   乔瀚 摄

香车美人4月22日,一商场清理仓库,一名工作人员为提高工作效率,索性骑上自行车,一手抱住模具,快速行驶。 胡响玲 摄

 

上座 两名男子高高地坐在一辆超载的货车驾驶室顶部,一副很享受的样子。曾天逸 摄

头等舱  孩子坐在放满货物的推车中央,由母亲推着前行。孩子非常惬意地享受着母亲独创的“头等舱”座位。 胡响玲 摄

牵“手”  儿子牵着白发老母亲走在回家的路上,系在他们之间的是一根细细的亲情纽带,维系着母子俩一段深厚的感情。  陈国斌 摄

小小摄影师  一岁半大的灏灏对相机着实着迷!有事没事总喜欢拿着相机摆弄。  黄贵华 摄

 

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广州夜网(陈氏书院)岭南人工天不如,果然造绝在世界

  记者手记
  中国的祠堂文化

  祠堂文化是中国一种年代久远的民间文化。清人赵翼从名称上考证了祠堂的由来,道出其本质是一种宗庙,宗庙在古代中国社会生活中一直有很大的影响,它不仅有敬祖的意义,而且是宗族教化的一大手段。
  到清代,宗族的根基更加深固,祠堂更成为供奉祖先神位、操办宗族事务的场所和代表其宗族社会地位和经济实力的标志,可分为宗祠、家祠和合族祠。
  社会学家研究认为,合族祠是以扩大的社会关系来弥补疏远的血亲关系,从而使同姓作为一种社会关系存在。因此,在整个陈氏书院的建设及后来的祭祀活动中,始终以同姓的社会名流为号召或主祭人,这实际上不仅是一种宗族的荣耀感,而且也体现了当时社会的流行价值观。因为在这种宽泛的同姓合体中,根本不可能找出一个大宗的长老为大家接受,因此在社会系统中的经营就替代了这一角色,也就是说当宗法结构不是一个小的机制而是整个社会之合的需要时,以血缘关系确立权威的功能就被淡化,这时候宗族执行和认同的是社会的标准及价值。

在陈家祠,外国游人的身影似乎比中国人更多一些,
这也从另外一个角度印证了“越是民族的就越是世界的”规律。

  陈家祠作为广东最大姓氏——陈姓的最大的合族祠,汇集了广东70多县的陈姓族人。其功能也由祭祀、处理宗族事务等发展成为具有多种功能的场所,例如为陈姓子弟来广州参加科举提供复习和落脚之地,方便来广州处理诉讼、缴纳赋税的陈姓族人休息,使原来非常神圣、受族人尊敬的祠堂更具有实用功能。
  如今,祠堂早已没有祭祀的原始功能,不少著名的祠堂已是开放给游人的旅游场所。

  大事记

  1667年 5月,荷兰国王遣使奉献。7月,玄烨亲政,时年14岁。鳌拜杀辅政大臣苏克萨哈。
  1668年 3月,废除宫门喊冤的旧例,命有冤抑者径向登闻鼓院告理。订例:嗣后,非贡期,禁止外国对华贸易。6月,严禁赌博。12月,治理历法南怀仁劾告钦天监副吴明烜造历谬误。
  1669年 3月,以南怀仁推历准确,授为钦天监副。5月,将鳌拜革职、拘禁。8月,禁止各省建立天主教堂及传教。
  1673年 3月,平南王尚可喜请归老辽东,许之,并命其子尚之信与之一同离开广东。于是,“撤藩”事起。7月,平西王吴三桂、靖南王耿精忠先后请撤藩,皆许之。11月,吴三桂起兵,以明年为周王元年,杀云南巡抚。12月,命停撤平南、靖南二藩。
  谭伯牛

  遗址辞典

  陈氏书院俗称陈家祠,建于清光绪十四年(1888),历时近7年,是当时广东省七十二县陈姓宗亲合资兴建的合族祠,至今111年。1959年被辟为广东民间工艺博物馆,1988年,国务院公布陈氏书院为第三批全国重点文物保护单位,2002年入选新“羊城八景”。

  建祠背景
  冠名书院,实为祠堂

  陈氏书院为何又称陈家祠?广东民间工艺博物馆馆长黄淼章解释,陈氏书院冠名书院,实为祠堂。为什么不敢名正言顺地称陈家祠,主要是与当时朝廷禁止祠堂的历史背景有关。
  清代建宗祠之风兴盛,尤其在广东及南方的一些省份,宗族传统本来就盛,从一户人的宗祠到同族人的家祠,再到多个县同族人集资修建的同族祠,祠堂拢聚的同族范围越来越大,这引起了朝廷的恐慌。出于稳定政权的考虑,清政府对壮大的合族祠采取压制政策,乾隆、道光年间,广州的很多合族祠被拆。光绪年间,清朝对合族祠的管制稍微宽松,因此广东陈姓族人捐资兴建合族祠,但为了合法化生存,只好冠以书院之名。
  这段历史,史书中多有记载。冼宝干修《岭南冼氏》族谱记载:“乾隆三十七年,巡抚张彭祖以城内合族祠类多把持讼事,挟众抗官,奏请一律焚毁。于是各宗祠纷改书院。”陈际清的《白云、粤秀二山合志》也记载:“乾隆间有合族祠之禁,多易其名为书院、为试馆。”
  而实际上,陈氏书院建成后的功能一直是用以祭祀祖先的祠堂,从未在此教授学问,因此书院之实为名不符实的。与书院仅有一点关系的是,曾经有人想找有学问的人在此教授陈氏子弟,但这只是个愿望,终未成行。除祭祀外,陈氏书院还可作为广东全省陈姓人氏来广东参加科举、诉讼、缴纳赋税时的落脚之地,类似今天办事处的部分功能。

  建祠始末
  集广东72县陈氏家族人力财力智力而成

  关于陈氏书院筹建的历史,因史料在抗战期间散失,后来不得详知。近年,中山大学鲍炜教授在新会县景堂图书馆寻到一份《陈氏族谱》,这段历史才得以清楚。黄淼章对此也颇有研究,并著述还原当年的情景。
  
  广东72县陈氏家族合建
  因有“天下李,广东陈”之说,陈姓在清代依然是广东最大的姓氏。为体现广东第一大姓和望族的地位,陈姓的乡绅名流——陈昌朝、陈宗询、曾任总理各国事务大臣的著名外交官吴川、陈兰彬等48人在广州组成了建祠公所,联名向全省各地的陈姓宗族发出信函,邀请各地陈姓族人派人到广州商讨修建陈氏书院,筹集资金。其中,《陈氏书院章程》明确,陈家祠就是联合各地陈姓族人的合族祠,并有“增设内试寓,以便各房赴考”的功能。另外还决定“延品学优长老师在本书院讲学课文。凡我祠子孙果系聪明敏捷、材学有成、无力求学者,准入书院课读,由书院酌助膏火”。但这一愿望后来未实现。
  由《陈氏书院章程》可了解到,陈家祠的董事职位可以用金钱购买,以获得神龛正座主位作为回报。牌位的摆放位置与捐款数目挂钩,各地陈姓族人只要交纳一定款项,就可将自己的祖先牌位放入陈家祠内供奉。由于牌位认购踊跃,连海外陈姓华侨也响应慷慨解囊,筹建资金很快就筹集起来,并由专人管理。由后来楹联上的“72县”、供奉的1万多个牌位可见,当时认捐人数之多。
  
  银子堆砌的岭南经典建筑
  由购置田产到选置材料,可见陈氏族人对这个合族祠是不惜花费,投入大量人力、物力,以大手笔力求最好最精美。光绪十四年(1888)7月,以陈颖川、陈世堂的名义用银元2169138仙整购买了位于西门口外恩龙里、荔枝湾福水堂等总面积约36600平方米的地产,作为陈家祠的建筑用地和出租田地。
  祠堂的建筑设计聘请的是当时岭南最好的建筑大师黎巨川,并把整体工程承包给他的瑞昌店。工程于光绪十三年开始清理场地和定格局,十六年正式破土动工。
  黎巨川后来在回忆建造过程时感慨万千:陈家祠是不怕花钱的,整个工程集中了全省的名工巧匠和营造商号进行,木材是从东南亚、南洋、海南岛进购的直径80厘米、高达10余米的坤甸木等珍贵木材;陶瓷瓦脊装饰采用佛山石湾知名的陶瓷瓦脊店号文如璧等;灰塑装饰则由番禺“灰批状元”靳耀生等提供;砖雕装饰工程由当时久富盛名的番禺艺人黄南山等负责;铁铸装饰由佛山名工负责;壁画装饰由佛山以善书画著称的艺人杨瑞石负责,凡是各种建筑手艺,只要是好的、绝的,一律不拒。
  光绪十八年(1892),当中轴线工程即将完工时,陈氏家族中的一位儒生陈伯陶在殿试中高中探花,并封为翰林院编修。陈氏族人以为建祠风水有灵,进而发动更广泛的筹款捐资。光绪二十年(1894),这座耗时7年、凝聚着劳动人民智慧的精美建筑陈氏书院完工交付使用,并成为岭南建筑的经典之作。

陈家祠是集岭南历代建筑艺术之大成的典型代表,以“七绝”著称。

陈家祠的11条陶塑脊饰,是广东现存最大型、最华丽的清代传统建筑装饰。

  建筑艺术
  “七绝”集岭南建筑艺术之大成

  陈家祠是集岭南历代建筑艺术之大成的典型代表,以三雕(石雕、砖雕、木雕)、二塑(陶塑、灰塑)和铜铁铸、绘画装饰艺术著称,俗称陈家祠“七绝”。
  砖雕 陈家祠的砖雕数量多、规模大、做工细,代表了广东清代砖雕的最高水平。广东砖雕是选用上等青砖,根据图案所需逐块雕琢,然后按部位拼接,镶嵌于墙上而成的。主要用于装饰门楣、墀头和檐墙等。其平面多以各种线条处理,线条密集苍劲、纤细均匀,垂直如线,雕工精湛,故有“挂线砖雕”之称。
  石雕 陈家祠的石雕主要采用花岗岩石材,纹饰繁复,造型秀丽。它融合了圆雕、浮雕、镂雕、阴刻等技法,经艺人精心锤打雕刻,厚重的石雕承重物件变得轻巧典雅,更显示出南方石雕精巧秀气的风格特点。
  木雕 其建筑内部,几乎所有的构件均以雕工精美的木雕为装饰。这些木雕用料庞大优质,雕工精细考究,内容包罗万象,图案繁缛富丽。其中十六扇以历史故事为题材的双面镂雕屏门挡,被誉为“民间艺人运用木头和钢刀雕就的历史故事长廊”。
  陶塑 陈家祠的11条陶塑脊饰,是广东现存最大型、最华丽的清代传统建筑装饰。它的脊饰根据人们仰视角度的需要,采用夸张而求大效果的造型手法,用陶泥塑造,经上釉和高温烧制后,再搬上屋顶安装而成。内容多以传统粤剧戏曲场面为主。
  灰塑 灰塑是广东传统建筑特有的室外装饰艺术,一般装饰在屋脊、门廊、山墙等部位。陈家祠灰塑总长度达2500米,总面积约2448平方米,造型夸张有趣,色彩大红大绿,图案多为中国民间故事。其规模之大、塑艺之精、题材之广,居岭南建筑首位。
  铁铸 在清代建筑中,以铁铸作为庭院装饰是极少见的,而陈家祠的连廊铁柱和月台十六块铁铸双面通花栏板,更是我国古代庭院建筑装饰艺术之杰作。双面通花铁铸栏板镶嵌在花岗岩石镂雕栏杆中,利用铁、石鲜明的色彩对比和铁铸通透立体的造型,产生出画卷般的艺术效果。
  彩绘 陈家祠彩绘艺术主要体现在大门门神和东西厢房的壁画上。彩绘两尊门神各高达4米,艺人运用工笔重彩技法,用艳丽但和谐的色彩突出表现了守门大将威武镇邪的神采。东西厢房的壁画以文人雅士为题材,恰好与厢房作为陈姓子弟温书攻读场所的使用功能相匹配。

  近代变迁

  光绪三十一年(1905)废科举后,陈家祠在相当长时间都作为教育用地,并且校长职位多为陈姓族人,这仿佛弥补了早期办学功能的缺憾。
  1905年,陈氏书院改为陈氏实业学堂。到陈济堂统治广州时(19281932),又改为广东体育专科学校,待广东体专迁址大沙头后,这里又开办文范学院。日本投降后,又开办聚贤中学,一直到1951年停办。
  1957年,广州市人民委员会把陈家祠列为广州市文物保护单位,并于1959年把陈家祠辟为广东民间工艺馆。1988年,陈氏书院由国务院颁布为全国重点文物保护单位。

  建筑布局

  陈家祠被誉为百粤冠祠,国内外建筑、考古人士给予非常高的评价。德、英、日等国的建筑专著中,便盛赞陈家祠为中国南方建筑艺术的典范。1959年,郭沫若写诗称颂:“天工人可代,人工天不如,果然造世界,胜读十年书。”
  整座建筑坐北朝南,主体建筑面宽和纵深均为80米。其建筑布局遵循传统礼制规范,又具有明显功利性和实用性。平面以中轴线建筑为主,遵循中国传统建筑“前门、中堂、后寝”和“五路三进”的对称形制,门前有开阔的广场,设有前、西、东、后四个院落,由19座硬山式单体建筑组成,之间以庭院、长廊相连,青云巷,对称严谨,虚实相间,极富层次,四通八达。建筑中心是高达20余米的中进主殿“聚贤堂”。
  黄淼章介绍说,陈家祠布局看似传统,但寓意深远。整座建筑前低后高,中间有青云巷,站在巷中抬头仰望,所看到的山墙上装饰的一只巨大的口衔花篮展翅飞翔的蝙蝠灰塑,代表着富贵和祝福。又如,把为防火而设立的青云巷也设计成南北贯通,层次递进的巷道,意为层层递进,寓含了希望陈氏子弟通过青云巷能平步青云,考中功名,步步高升,光宗耀祖。

  专家论道
  广东陈姓颖川来,春秋两季有“颁胙”

  采访对象:广东民间工艺博物馆馆长黄淼章
  记者:历史上有“天下李,广东陈”之说,那么广东的陈姓是如何而来的?
  黄淼章:陈姓的发源地在妫满的封地陈国,即今天的河南省周口市淮阳县。而广东的陈姓,除潮汕地区的多从闽南迁来外,珠江三角洲大多数陈氏是南宋时期从岭北迁至南雄珠玑巷,然后再分布到广东各省地的。陈氏在广东繁衍壮大,逐渐形成广东最大的姓氏。广东的陈氏大多数是颖川陈氏分支,因此也以颖川为堂号。
  记者:目前发现有关陈家祠堂的资料有多少?
  黄淼章:1958年在陈氏书院旧制筹备广东民间工艺博物馆时,搜集整理陈氏书院历史资料的工作就开始了。但因大部分资料流失于民间,因此搜集整理工作存在很大难度。但近几年有不少珍惜资料收获,先后有《广东省各县建造陈氏书院》、《议建陈氏书院章程》、《陈氏书院记》、《正座西第叁龛》排位图被发现,[……]

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The 49th chapter is reticent wine, unspecified s广州夜网论坛word

” bridge of sounds of nature ” small Qiao Er / , this chapter in all 3599 words, update at: 2014-11-18 16:20

Dusk time, the Song Nuanyu after coming off work risings to a height to go in the street to by oneself, a few days ago that one act, however hover is in her brain, for a long time is eternal!

That evening, song Nuanyu is being pulled after leaving in Yan Bo bright and beautiful, when the limits of line of sight that broke away from Xiao Che completely, the Yan Bo behind bright and beautiful look abruptly dim come down, cold say: “Did I disturb your 2 people world? “Did I disturb your 2 people world??

“General manager, what do you say? Your meaning, I not quite understand! ” Song Nuanyu has answered a body, forward Yan Bo bright and beautiful how blink.

“Are you just to return mutual confess? ” the word of Yan Bo bright and beautiful is unusually tender, but in tenderness, however be mingled with is worn harsh tone, make body of warm Yu Hun of the Song Dynasty uneasy.

“Xiao Che is my good friend, and you are the person that I dote on however, I do not hope you two people are moved toward finally contrary. I like Xiao Che really, but I am right you… ” mood of Song Nuanyu raw or cold food stops abruptly, how should she say? Be watch sincerity? She does not know preexistence pair of sincerity that Yan Bo bright and beautiful said him, but final?

“… but to me how? Is to me one antrum absolute sincerity born to death not plan? Ruan Baoyu, you are sincerity or hypocrisy after all, why to connect me, dare not trust again you. ” the hand that Yan Bo bright and beautiful throws Song Nuanyu in anger, leave cloudily.

Song Nuanyu is holding that hand of Yan Bo bright and beautiful originally, inflexible ground stays in in the air, there still is the control kind that withholding Yan Bo bright and beautiful in the centre of the palm, but such attentive, be in however as Yan Bo bright and beautiful far after going, become unusually glowing smartly. Song Nuanyu understands eventually, at the moment between them, be true misunderstanding.

Feeling returns to reality, after-thought removes that misunderstanding, yan Bo bright and beautiful and Song Nuanyu the cold war of two people had lasted many days, two people are stubborn ground does not lower his head to acknowledge a mistake above all to the other side unexpectedly. Perhaps, this nonexistent to who who is wrong, can saying only is good luck did a person to stop. Song Nuanyu is in casual, before come to archives of a barbecue, the look is staring at as it happens continuously continuously by the gallinaceous wing of barbecue. Her eye wave is on the move under, it is to be immersed in once more unexpectedly contemplative.

Ever remembered, she is mixed when first time of Yan Bo bright and beautiful encounters, it is to be before barbecue booth, at this late hour, song Nuanyu still engrave, they 2 people were to want wing of two chicken that bake at the same time. Fated encounter, remain the same wonderful, should be you, be you, had not escaped eventually. Between forced smile, song Nuanyu starts to talk in spite of oneself:

“Come to two bake gallinaceous wing to me. “Come to two bake gallinaceous wing to me..

“Come to two bake gallinaceous wing to me. “Come to two bake gallinaceous wing to me..

This is not a sound! Another familiar sound lets the Song Dynasty warm Yu Xinli does not become aware a fluster, she not dare abide sound and look, just hang down the head often low, for a short while, she and the person beside, silent does not make a sound, atmosphere is very awkward.

Wing of 4 chicken that bake bakes booth chief commander to bale give Song Nuanyu is severe silk bright and beautiful after two people, yan Bo bright and beautiful is to still turn to leave personally, song Nuanyu raises a head suddenly, look at Yan Bo bright and beautiful to go gradually gradually far back, loud cry of ceaseless do all one can is however in the heart:

“Stop, silk bright and beautiful, beg you, stop, do not go! Do not go!!

Be like is can the inductive loud cry in Song Nuanyu heart, the footstep of Yan Bo bright and beautiful lives suddenly abruptly. Looking at this asp back, abrupt whats disregard Song Nuanyu, unlock the wing of the chicken that bake in the hand, spent effort runs to that form, come when her beside Yan Bo bright and beautiful when, stretch an arm to hold him in arms closely. Bore tear of several days by force, be in eventually right now definitely bank, like the flood gushing orbit.

“I am sorry, I am sorry, I am sorry, I am sorry… “

Originally face expressionless Yan Bo bright and beautiful, the cry that is hearing back person i[……]

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The 6th Zhang Yig广州夜网SN论坛WKHen green!

” bridge of sounds of nature ” small Qiao Er / , this chapter in all 3026 words, update at: 2014-10-06 19:03

The 6th Zhang Yigen green!

Making what Rong Tianer expect is less than is, she chats so congenially with Luo Lengyu actually, also produced a kind to meet unexpectedly the deep feeling that hates evening. This kind sighs with emotion, be just like the affection of preexistence unfinished, in this life can be able to continue general. Etc, rong Tianer felt puzzled, how can oneself have such idea? Rong Tianer throws a head energetically, divide this kind of think of a way from the ruthless complete get rid of in his head.

After Yang Jia stayed one day, luo Lengyu hurrieds back hurriedly the school, saying is to want to go back to finish a purpose to discuss with companions as soon as possible. In Home Yang gate, rong Tianer accompanies Yang Yi pure, sent Luo Lengyu together. Rong Tianer remembers clearly, when before leaving, yang Yi is pure with Luo Lengyu the expression of 2 people is not cold lukewarm, do not know them two people were troubled by what contradiction after all.

“Chun this world, i… “

“Good, elder brother, need not say more, the thing of myself, myself can hold! ” Yang Yi is pure fishily say.

“Good, ” Luo Lengyu changes the line of vision Rong Tianer to go up personally right now, want to tell what thing originally, but expression is taking a few minutes of hesitation however. Today’s Rong Tianer, still be skirt of a suit cyan, luo Lengyu is staring her, be lost in thought actually. Do not know how drop, experiencing atmosphere is awkward very, rong Tianer looks for some of topic to chat at once.

“Cold rain eldest brother, you should increase an interest, wish you can have made the item. Wish you can have made the item..

“Hum, thank your heaven, bear your Ji Yan, chun this world, day, that I with respect to foregone, goodbye! Goodbye!!

“Goodbye, elder brother! Elder brother!!

“Goodbye, cold rain eldest brother! Cold rain eldest brother!!

Wave after leaving, yang Yi is pure was to change with the expression that with a giggle does not have a heart to do not have lung euqally before, say: “Day, we are returned one day time, before today you passed with my eldest brother, this, I take you to go to our home the beauty spot bag around goes for a spin! I take you to go to our home the beauty spot bag around goes for a spin!!

“Travel! Chun this world, your infant name is very special, after, I also so call you! ” Rong Tianer is shallow laugh.

“Hum? OK! Go, I take you to play. ” not by defend oneself, pure pleased ground is pulling Yang Yi Rong Tianer, rong Tianer also did not refuse, pure belt wears Renyou Yang Yi she goes.

One the world comes, rong Tianer and Yang Yi are pure play very however hey, yang Yi is pure afternoon still taking Rong Tianer to go over there bar. Meantime also avoids to discuss a few sensitive topics as far as possible, but Rong Tianer however can faint feel a few a got-up affair are producing unbeknown change sadly. Since Luo Lengyu and Rong Tianer alluded bridge of sounds of nature, in Rong Tianer heart faint feel terrified of a silk is disturbed. Metempsychosis, fate, fetter, together with a few fragmentary extract appear in her repeatedly ceaselessly all the time at the moment, one is used only before this lets Rong Tianer cannot resemble ” absurd, 10 becoming is absurd ” will generalize right now mood.

If the world is duped to be put in bridge of sounds of nature really, take seriously the fetter of existence metempsychosis fate, what is the true fate origin that attributes her Rong Tianer then?

In bar, somehow, yang Yi is pure drank a lot of wine, meantime Rong Tianer persuades her to be not drunk all the time too much, hurt a body so. But Yang Yi is pure,not be not to listen unluckily, rong Tianer feels embarrassed again say her. At the same time the admonish is attending her cautiously at the same time. The result walks out of bar when them when, colour of sky is late already, yang Yi is pure had been to be drunk blottoly be like hemp, walk along a road to come to what Liang stagger Qiang walks unsteadily. The Rong Tianer that had pity on us, when can doing not have her at a loose end next.

“Chun this world, you go bit slower. ” on the shoulder that Rong Tianer takes Yang Yi’s pure arm in oneself, grabbing Yang Yi’s pure arm single-handed, skill cuddle is worn Yang Yi’s pure waist, may help Yang Yi up unexpectedly pure, avoid her to be grown.

“Ha, be no good, I am drunk even! ” ministry of Yang Yi pure face goes up aglowly, double eye lock is worn brains is immersed in befuddled condition most probably, but the mou[……]

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Night of early in the morning pull东莞各区桑拿信息论坛s white head: 5

” the bone bewitching of Bai Yue night pays a debt of gratitude ” not dead Xiaobai is white / , this chapter in all 3152 words, update at: 2014-12-06 17:23

“Want to understand? ” nocturnal Ran gently side wears facial laugh gets some firm: “I follow 4 years old beside him, my trip, he never holds me in the arms to rise however. Mom takes us to take a picture, cameraman calls him to kiss my face, he does not agree to death, pull a hand not to agree even. Am I crying to ask him why? He says, he loves a woman only, in those days I ability is 7 years old. ” the look of nocturnal Ran by initial firm, become tender gradually, after the figure that reflecting night afresh in the eye.

“From what I fall in love with him that rises momently, I got on to call Bai Yue nocturnal woman with respect to hate. She never appears, molopolized however him all love. She by what? She does not know to have his presence even! ” the right-hand side that I see nocturnal Ran slowly grasp close, the emerald bracelet on the artifice child because of brawn constrictive, take off suddenly on the arm as a child, hang in the artifice the narrowest place.

The look of nocturnal Ran returned my body to go up again, I hear her one word says suddenly: “I have many to love him, many hate you. Every wait for him one minute, think method makes you much more painful one minute. Think method makes you much more painful one minute..

“That is incited to act my person by you, be a bitter edible plant refer to that? ” see ask a question of my first time, nocturnal Ran Xian must have interest very much, still pick up a right hand to covering the mouth, laughed. Laugh at ability to look at me to say with eye end: “Right, the play that is my specially requirement then is piled up! Do you want not to want to know that day is wh what day? Do you want not to want to know that day is wh what day??

Differ I reply, a pair of lovely about says nocturnal Ran is crooked like the child head: “The traditional Chinese calendar August the 16 birthday that are him. 18 years old of his birthday, I profession to him, he still is saying the word that he has said that 7 years old years only, he loves a woman only. He loves a woman only..

My eye ground in nocturnal Ran, see the injury that I am continuous.

“You can regard him as completely only elder brother. “You can regard him as completely only elder brother..

“Elder brother? How likely. . . . . . Enough. I want him to love me like loving you! I want his heart to also hold the 2nd no less than names besides me again. I want him also ground of such be dead set I! ” the mood of nocturnal Ran is very excited, and I am contrary however, listened to her to show these year come, those are indescribable twine the dark past on my back, see me encircle me the night in the bosom from beginning to end after one’s death again, the bottom of the heart is what never had had is quiet.

I think, I should thank her.

Not be to thank her to be opposite my firm, it is to thank her to let me know those, night passes to do, I ever never knew the thing of the path however; It is to thank her word to knock woke I, I love night, to me this by scientific brainwashing for person of 20 years, have previous existence pull it is not important to stumble, I should know he loves only is me, not be a name, not be an identity, not be a piece of face.

I want such solution only. And the word of anguine daughter told me the answer.

I do not believe, night had not seen with me exactly like that woman, I had thought even, when nocturnal first time sees that woman, also can mix when seeing me same, or even more should excited, because if nocturnal Ran wants to let night,be fed up with me, will naturally think method makes night go seeing that is mixed me exactly like person.

That. . . . . .

Night ever also can treat her as is me same, hold in the arms in the bosom, had said same word?

Such idea must be gotten naturally really cannot again natural. And be the sort of I do not have the courage to think absolutely, what also dare not examine minutely is abyssal.

But nocturnal Ran said a moment ago say to get those words, I just understand, I and nocturnal Ran are wrong.

Because I and nocturnal Ran feel, the nocturnal memory about preexistence and hold read aloud hold together is in Bai Yue night this name, it is this piece of my face even, the identity that may be me even more — the person that a preexistence and he trammelses somewhat.

Then, nocturnal Ran is so perfect that nocturnal Ran duplicated another I, gave her my name, my face, my identity, I think nocturnal Ran may return the love that can be aimed at night, f[……]

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